Contesting (also known as radiosport) is a competitive activity pursued by amateur radio operators. In a contest, an amateur radio station, which may be operated by an individual or a team, seeks to contact as many other amateur radio stations as possible in a given period of time and exchange information. Rules for each competition define the amateur radio bands, the mode of communication that may be used, and the kind of information that must be exchanged. The contacts made during the contest contribute to a score by which stations are ranked.
Amateur radio operators who specialize in making two way radio contact with other amateurs in distant countries are also referred to as “DXers“. On the HF (also known as shortwave) amateur bands, DX stations are those in foreign countries. DXers collect QSL cards as proof of contact and can earn special certificates and awards from amateur radio organizations